Estimation of Stature from Craniofacial Anthropometric Measurements in Egyptians and Bengalis Samples (A Comparative Study)

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology. Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt


Many attempts have been made to find out correlation and to derive a regression formula between crainofacial measurements and body stature, since the craniofacial remains may be the only available for postmortem examination. This study is to compare craniofacial anthropometric ratios between Egyptian and Bengali populations and to find out the correlation between craniofacial anthropometric measurements and stature with suggesting regression formulae in both populations for stature reconstruction from these dimensions. This cross-sectional analytical study included 100 subjects; 60 Egyptians and 40 Bengalis aged from 18-60 years with normal face patterns. Stature and four craniofacial parameters as maximum head length & breadth, and maximum face breadth &length were measured. The results showed that, all crainofacial parameters were significantly higher in Egyptian males than females. Maximum facial length was significantly higher in Egyptians than Bengalis of both sexes. However, maximum facial breadth and maximum head length were significantly higher in Bengalis than Egyptians of both sexes. The highest correlation coefficient with stature was exhibited by maximum facial breadth in Bengali males (r=0.60), maximum facial length in Egyptian males (r=0.42). On the other hand, in Egyptian and Bengali females, maximum head length showed highest correlation coefficient with stature (r=0.37& r=0.89 respectively). Therefore, the prediction of stature is more reliable from facial dimensions in Bengali and Egyptian males and from cephalic length in both Egyptian and Bengali females.