Document Type : Original Article
Clinical Toxicology Department, El-Menshawy General Hospitals, El Gharbeya, Egypt.
Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
Poison Control Center, Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
Scientific background: Acute pediatric poisoning is considered as a major health problem in many countries and represents a significant burden for emergency room visits and hospitalization. The best way to fix this problem is to diagnose, treat and prevent it from happening again. Aim of the work: Determination the pattern and outcome of acute poisoning of children who admitted to Poison Control Center of Ain Shams University Hospitals (PCCASUH). Subjects and methods: It is a cross sectional descriptive study included 304 acutely poisoned children aged 1 to 18 years old from both gender who admitted to PCC-ASUH during the period from June 2020 to November 2020. In all children, the data that had been studied included: sociodemographic, poisoning profile, clinical examination, investigations, treatment measures, admission place and patients’ outcome. Results: The study documented that toxicity of children less than 4 years showed the highest percentage (41.1%). The oral route was the major route of exposure (97.3%). The most common exposure was pesticide poisoning (23%), antipsychotic drugs (20.1%) and substances of abuse (17.1%). There was a highly significant difference between studied groups as regard gender, age groups and type of poisonous agents and a highly significant relation between the mode of poisoning and gender. There was a highly significant relation between the outcome and age groups. Conclusion and recommendations: toxicity in children less than 4 years showed the highest percentage. The most typically included agents were pesticides and pharmaceuticals agents. Working on a trial for raising the community awareness programs about poisons’ exposure hazards as it is a very crucial strategy in that emergencies’ prevention.
Received in original form: 12 November 2021 Accepted in a final form: 30 December 2021